?????????????????????????????????????????7, 660???????????????????????????????????????????????????500????????168???20??????17??????3600???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????10????80%?????????????????????????

?????????????????????200????????????????????????????????????
?????????????????
1.?????1-6???6-12??
2.?????7-8???13-14??
3.???9-12???15-18??
4.??????????4???????????????????????????????“???”?“????”????????????????
????????
?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? 93%?????????????70% ????????????????????????????????????????

??????
???????'??'??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

•????????
???????????????????????????????????34??8??9??????5??8??????????????????????2?3??????????????????????????????????????????????????
•???????
(?) ??????????Junior or Community College?
?????????????????????????????????1422???????????????????????Associate' Degree????????????????/font>Bachelor' Degree??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
(???????College of Liberal Arts and Sciences??? Liberal Arts College?
?????????????????????undergraduate education?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????university????????????????????????humanities??????pure sciences ???????????prefessional school??????????????????????????????????
?????????Comprehensive University,???University?
???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
??????????????????????????Ivy League Schools????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
??????????????????????????????????????????University of California?California State University???????????????????University of Michigan?????????State University of New York?????????????????????University of New York?????????????????????City University of New York???????????Land-Grant University??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
???????Graduate Schools?
????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Ph.D.???????????????????M.A.?M.S.????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
??????????????Carnegie Foundation?????????????????????????A Classification of Institutions of Higher Education ?????????????????????Research Universities???????????Doctoratc-Granting Universities???????????????????????
??????????Advanced Professional Schools,???Professional Schools?
?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????p????????????
???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????M.D.???????J.D.?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
???????? Technical Colleges??????????????????
?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
????????Millitary Academies?
??????????????????????????????West Point, New York???????Military Academy???1802??????????????Annapolis,Maryland???????Naval Academy ???1845????????????????Colorado Springs, Colorado ???????Air Force Academy???1955 ?????????????????????
????????????????University External Program?????? Adult Education?????Distance Education?????Continuing Education ???????
???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
??????????????????????????????Extension??????????"niversity External Studies Program"????????"rogram in Continuing Education"?????????????
??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

•??????????
???????????????????????????????????????4????????????????????2?????????????????????????????????????????3??????????????????(??)?????(??)????????????????????????????????????????????????
???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
( ?) ?????Master' Degree ?????????????????(M.A.)?????(M.S.) ???????????????????????????Master of Public Administration?????? (Master of Law)?????(Master of Divinity)??????????????G.R.E.??(Graduate Record Examination)??????
(?) ??????? (M.B.A. ? Master of Business Administration)????????????????????????????????????? M.B.A.?????????????????????????????????????????????????????
?M.B.A.??????????????????????????????????????? GMAT(Gradu-ate Management Admission Test)??????????????????????verbal ability????????mathe-matical ability?????????????(TOEFL)??????????
(?) ?????Doctoral Degree??????????????????????????????????????????Ph. D., ? Doctor in Philosophy???????????????????Ph. D. ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Ed. D. ?Doctor in Education??????????????????????
( ?) ?????J.D.??????? M.D.????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
•????
????????????????????????????????????????????•?????????????????????????????????•??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????“????????”???????????????????????????????????????????????
????????????????????????????????????????????•??????????????????????????????

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